Afbeelding gebaseerd op \"Tokyo Bay Fireworks Festival 2010 #6\", door megawheel360, uitgebracht onder een Creative Commons 2.0 Generic Attribution-licentie.

Afbeelding gebaseerd op "Tokyo Bay Fireworks Festival 2010 #6", door megawheel360, uitgebracht onder een Creative Commons 2.0 Generic Attribution-licentie.

Ot van Daalen

8 mei 2012 23:25
Door Ot van Daalen

English
Netneutraliteit
Open Internet

Netherlands first country in Europe with net neutrality

On 8 May 2012 The Netherlands adopted crucial legislation to safeguard an open and secure internet in The Netherlands. It is the first country in Europe to implement net neutrality in the law. In addition, it adopted provisions protecting users against disconnection and wiretapping by providers. Digital rights movement Bits of Freedom calls upon other countries to follow the Dutch example.

The net neutrality law prohibits internet providers from interfering with the traffic of their users. The law allows for traffic management in case of congestion and for network security, as long as these measures serve the interests of the internet user. A technical error in the law might still be corrected in a vote on 15 May.

In addition, the law includes an anti-wiretapping provision, restricting internetproviders from using invasive wiretapping technologies, such as deep packet inspection (DPI). They may only do so under limited circumstances, or with explicit consent of the user, which the user may withdraw at any time. The use of DPI gained much attention when KPN admitted that it analysed the traffic of its users to gather information on the use of certain apps. The law allows for wiretapping with a warrant.

Moreover, the law includes a provision ensuring that internet providers can only disconnect their users in a very limited set of circumstances. Internet access is very important for functioning in an information society, and providers currently could on the basis of their terms and conditions disconnect their users for numerous reasons. The provision allows for the disconnection in the case of fraud or when a user doesn’t pay his bills.

Bits of Freedom, the Dutch digital rights movement which campaigned for these provisions, applauds the new law. It considers this a historical moment for internet freedom in The Netherlands and calls on other countries to follow the Dutch example.

The provisions are part of the implementation of the European telecommunications rules. A translation of the provisions can be found here, but it does not include the technical error in the law which might be corrected on the 15th.

Update (05-15-2012): the Senate has just passed a law that corrects the technical error in the net neutrality law.

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[…] the right coalitions for these provisions within the Parliament. It became one of Bits of Freedoms big success stories of those first years. The provisions have survived ever since, save some minor tweaks. Net […]

[…] هلند اولین کشور اروپایی با قانون بی طرفی شبکه […]

Nina zegt:

Dit artikel is een goed voorbeeld van een leugen.

Anoniem zegt:

Ha ha ha, sane politicians in The Netherlands?
Don’t make me laugh

Balder zegt:

Its sad to see that so many people reading this actually think that the dutch government is protecting internet freedom, or that we have sane politicians. This is a good thing yes, but we are far from internet freedom, and far from privacy, I don’t trhink Bits of Freedom meant to say that we aren’t, they know how far we still have to go.

Mario zegt:

This is a strange propaganda article. The Netherlands does not have net neutrality. Brein and the copyright maffia own this country. Judges are corrupt and there are no freedom fighters anymore. Joris Demmink is king here and it would be a miracle if BOF placed this comment and didnt delete it.

Niek zegt:

What à bull of crap. Easy to say al that shit and give no sources to check.

Eglefino zegt:

It’s indeed propaganda, because in the Netherlands all is going with words of a Ministry (Ivo Opstelten, Fred Teeven) and it’s not a rule by law yet! Changing the Dutch law takes almost 5-years, so that Ministry tells the Dutch inhabitants his words by media (national papers, TV) his thoughts about ‘Safety & Justice’ on the internet will be the same as other intelligences, because urope have no system as the COMNIT XKeyscore. So the Netherlands Intelligences will be cooperate to get their own information if it is all by law, I don’t ink so… They did not ask me per example!

I Love Nederland zegt:

Nederland thy name is freedom. And you could encourage and invite Julian Assange to maintain WikiLeaks main offices in Nederland.

Mario zegt:

I hope that is a joke. Julian Assange pisses upon the quality of the law in this country. The Netherlands fears the copyright overlords and they fear the United States even more!

Ryan zegt:

Congratulations on being the only country in the world to have sane politicians.

Dave zegt:

Coo! So, now I guess Pirate Bay will work again (Opens tpb in browser)….Doh!!

Cas zegt:

I suppose this is something, lets hope the next government fixes the rest of the mess the last one made….
oh and I am very happy about this news, my government just took a step in the right direction!

Guga zegt:

The Netherlands is known as “the” place for freedom of speech since the XV century! I’m glad to see this mentality persists.
As for intelectual property laws, they are a competence of the Benelux Office of Intelectual Property and to modify the treaty, all three countries must accept…

Eglefino zegt:

Freedom of Speech is not in the Netherlands any more. There was a moment (a long period) but with the invasion of persons from outside Europe with an Islamic culture and another religion as accepted here in general; Free of Speech wasn’t their because all our words were weighed by the moment, the text which was spoken could be a sort of discrimination to another culture/religion. So Free of Speech isn’t in Europe any more even not in the Netherlands.

By the way those work-immigrants (in Dutch: gastarbeiders) should work here for a short time (1 – 2 years) and after a period of time they should return to their families, but they never went back. The whole population changed in a by the government promote ‘word’ in a multicultural nation. If you don’t think/talk the same way as the government want (!) than you are someone with fascistic ideas and a person which need extra police/intelligence attention. So does the Netherlands or Europe have a free speech? No!
I love Italy as holiday country and others love the Netherlands with that reason, but the Netherlands is not another country from history with the regard to war criminals or human rights.

Hmm zegt:

Alright, who forgot to pay off the lobbyists in Netherlands?

Thomas zegt:

Yay! Congratulations to my Dutch students and friends. I hope the US can move in this direction.

bier drinker zegt:

de huidige overheid zorgt ervoor dat Nederland voor de kerst naar de kloten is

Niek zegt:

Minder bier drinken en meer nadenken.

Emerson Estrella zegt:

Congrats to all citizens from Netherlands. Well done!

Hope that some day Brazil will get on this way.

ozyamdrias zegt:

om maar even met een kreet te komen van uitting: YAHOO.com!

Mark Lindhout zegt:

Gefeliciteerd iedereen! Een stapje in de goede richting!

Congratulations everybody! It’s a step in the right direction!

Brandon zegt:

What an amazing country. I wish the USA was as progressive and intelligent.

[...] 2012, a las 14:42 Una nota muy breve, vía Alt1040 me entero que Holanda se ha convertido en el primer país europeo en defender por ley la neutralidad de la Red. Recordemos que el primer país del mundo en dar este [...]

Ot van Daalen zegt:

@Confused: Hmmm, yes. Let me clear things up.

Due to a voting error in the second chamber of the Dutch parliament, an exception to the principle of net neutrality was introduced which allowed for a specific, narrow restriction of services and websites on ideological grounds. The provision allowed to restrict services (unofficial translation):

“e. to grant an explicit request of the subscriber to restrict services or applications on the basis of ideological motives specified by the subscriber, if the provider does not offer the subscriber any monetary or other advantage and the provider already offered the possibility to grant such a request before 1 June 2011.”

The Dutch text:

“e. om tegemoet te komen aan een uitdrukkelijk verzoek van de abonnee om diensten of toepassingen op grond van door de abonnee gespecificeerde ideologische motieven te belemmeren, mits de aanbieder de abonnee voor dit verzoek geen geldelijk of ander voordeel biedt en de aanbieder de mogelijkheid om aan een dergelijk verzoek te voldoen reeds voor 1 juni 2011 aanbood.”

We argued that this was unnecessary, as people have the possibility to use all kinds of filtering services and software. The second chamber later corrected this voting error in a separate act.

The first chamber now adopted the first act (which included the voting error), but will only vote on the second act (which corrected the voting error) on the 15th of May. If this error remains in place, there is a theoretic possibility of this provision being abused by providers (blocking Skype for ideological purposes), but we hope that there is a majority in favor of correction.

Hope this is clear: it is not very simple :)

Confused zegt:

Why mention the technical error in the law twice without providing any information of the actual error?

Dave Bell zegt:

So this is the implementation of a European Union directive? We should get something similar in the UK then, one day.

markus zegt:

This is great, I hope sweden follow this example. Greetings!

Wrathier Hilltaker zegt:

This is the first of many steps in enforcing “Pirate” law. Long live the free movies, free games and free p0rn for us their for different reasons cannot afford to pay it :)

pirate zegt:

The Dutch elections are not too far away, lets vote pirate party. To stop craziness like BREIN we need to change some laws (auteurswet, patentrecht)

Rejo Zenger zegt:

@haha, @axel-roest: “Providers of public electronic communication networks which deliver internet access services and providers of internet access services do not hinder or slow down applications and services on the internet, unless and to the extent that the measure in question with which applications or services are being hindered or slowed down is necessary: [...] to give effect to a legislative provision or court order.” In other words, an ISP is forced to block traffic to a website if a judge orders the ISP to do so. If we want to have this different, I suppose we should change the law that enables BREIN to get such an order (e.g. change the Auteurswet).

Axel Roest zegt:

Neutral… has a point. How neutral is the net when all kinds of legislations can put roadblocks on it? What will weigh more now, the net neutrality ‘law’, or the verdict of the judge in the Stichting Brein case?

Malcolm zegt:

en is het toevallig niet een onderdeel van een wet geworden die hoger staat en dit praktisch alweer onschadelijk maakt?

waarschijnlijk weer een mooi spelletje om ‘het volk’ te laten zien dat ze echt wel ‘naar ons luisteren’..

en dan uiteindelijk blijkt de wet een zeef te zijn

haha zegt:

Ik denk dat hiermee de blokkade door BREIN wel aanvechtbaar gaat worden. Helaas maakt nieuwe wetgeving een oudere uitspraak, gebaseerd op oudere wetgeving niet onmiddelijk ongeldig. Maar ik denk dat de jurisprudentie nu wel aardig gaat worden:
1. Nieuwe zaak van BREIN naar weetikwie wordt afgedaan. Netneutrality houdt blokkade tegen.
2. Oude blokkade, van Ziggo en KPN worden met deze uitspraak weer aanvechtbaar.

Het zal mij benieuwen

Rejo Zenger zegt:

@Naam: Geen. Een aanbieder mag ingrijpen als hij daartoe wordt bevolen door een rechter.

Naam zegt:

En wat heeft dit voor effect op de blokkade van The Pirate Bay door Ziggo en UPC?

Neutral.... zegt:

….except when BRIEN forces them to intercept and block sites like the pirate bay

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